Chapter 8- Provisions for High Rise Development Section-8.4 Means of access Section-8.4.7 Ramps

This section outlines the general requirements for ramps which are as follows:
a. The ramp to basement and parking floors shall not be less than 7.2 m wide for two way traffic and 4.0 m wide for one way traffic, provided with gradient of 1:10 for cars and 1:15 for heavy vehicles. At curved portions of the ramp or for circular
ramps the slope should not be more than 1:12.
b. Ramp may also be provided in setback area which can be sloped considering
unhindered movement of fire Engine and in no case the gradient shall be less than
1: 10.
c. All structural design/safety aspects as per latest BIS Codes & NBC, shall be
complied along with consideration of weight of Fire Engine & its maneuverings.
d. The minimum width of the ramps in hospitals shall be 2.4 m for stretcher and not for vehicular movement In this case, handrails shall be provided on both sides of the ramp.
e. Ramps shall lead directly to outside open space at ground level or courtyards or
safe place.
f. In basement one entry and exit shall be provided for the floor area of 10,000sqm
for each basement and if the basement area is more than 10,000sqm in each
basement, one more entry & exit ramp should be provided.
g. For plots less than 3000sqm car lift/s can be provided in place of ramp/s subject to the approval of the Fire Department.